THE MOST POPULAR RULE IN PHOTOGRAPHY
Rule of thirds - may have to use focus lock, or half hold down button to focus then reframe.
The starting point to composition is the rule ‘rule of thirds’. Imagine two vertical and two horizontal lines spaced evenly over your image. Try placing the point of interest on where two of these lines intersect rather than in the centre of your photo. Eyes, a cow in a field, horizon line, boat in a harbour, a person working at a desk in the office...
Take a look at the following images and where the focus has been placed.
But remember - rules are made to be broken. Sometimes the horizon will be better suited be high in the photograph - when there is a detailed reflection in water. Positioning someone in the centre of the photograph can be dramatic in the right circumstances. Go with your gut, as long as your are thinking about it.
Composition allows you to capture a subject in a way that is pleasing to the eye. If done well, others will think so too.
There is no single and correct way of photographing a scene. Try different angles and compositions. Think about what you want to say when thinking about composition.
Do you want to give your subject a place?
Do you need to see anything surrounding your subject to tell the story?
Is it important to take it out of context?
Will the surrounds add to the story?
Composition is a direct result of decisions made to your point of interest
- choice of lens or zoom focal length
- camera viewpoint
Consider all of these variables before pressing the shutter.
Consider your point of interest.
What is it and why are you taking a photo of it?
Always focus on the point of interest. The sharpest part of the image will get the attention.
Aim to focus the point of interest away from ‘dead centre’ of the frame. This is where the ‘rule of thirds’ applies.
Look at what is around the subject/point of interest and make sure nothing overpowers it in colour, shape or size. Anything that will take the attention away from what you want.