COMPOSITION

THE MOST POPULAR RULE IN PHOTOGRAPHY

Rule of thirds - may have to use focus lock, or half hold down button to focus then reframe.
The starting point to composition is the rule ‘rule of thirds’. Imagine two vertical and two horizontal lines spaced evenly over your image. Try placing the point of interest on where two of these lines intersect rather than in the centre of your photo. Eyes, a cow in a field, horizon line, boat in a harbour, a person working at a desk in the office...

Try placing your point of interest on one of the red dots. 

Try placing your point of interest on one of the red dots. 

Take a look at the following images and where the focus has been placed. 

But remember - rules are made to be broken. Sometimes the horizon will be better suited be high in the photograph - when there is a detailed reflection in water. Positioning someone in the centre of the photograph can be dramatic in the right circumstances. Go with your gut, as long as your are thinking about it. 

 

COMPOSITION

Composition allows you to capture a subject in a way that is pleasing to the eye. If done well, others will think so too.

There is no single and correct way of photographing a scene. Try different angles and compositions. Think about what you want to say when thinking about composition.

Cropping in closer to the women would minimise the Museum surrounds. We wouldn't know where they are. It'd be a photo of a lady laughing and pointing at a painting. That's it. 

Cropping in closer to the women would minimise the Museum surrounds. We wouldn't know where they are. It'd be a photo of a lady laughing and pointing at a painting. That's it. 

Do you want to give your subject a place?


Do you need to see anything surrounding your subject to tell the story?


Is it important to take it out of context?

The photo is about the player - not where he is. It doesn't matter. We know he's on a field, and that's all we need to know.

The photo is about the player - not where he is. It doesn't matter. We know he's on a field, and that's all we need to know.


Will the surrounds add to the story?

Composition is a direct result of decisions made to your point of interest
- choice of lens or zoom focal length
- camera viewpoint
- content
- orientation

Consider all of these variables before pressing the shutter.

From this angle you can see the beauty of the spiral staircase and the paddle wheel. It looks spacious and peaceful. 

From this angle you can see the beauty of the spiral staircase and the paddle wheel. It looks spacious and peaceful. 

By keeping this shot wide, I have given some context as to where they are. If I had cropped in on the group closely, they could have been anywhere.

By keeping this shot wide, I have given some context as to where they are. If I had cropped in on the group closely, they could have been anywhere.

 

Consider your point of interest.

Pancakes. Not so much interest from side level to photograph so why not photograph from the top. No distractions either.

Pancakes. Not so much interest from side level to photograph so why not photograph from the top. No distractions either.

 

What is it and why are you taking a photo of it?
Always focus on the point of interest. The sharpest part of the image will get the attention.
Aim to focus the point of interest away from ‘dead centre’ of the frame. This is where the ‘rule of thirds’ applies.
Look at what is around the subject/point of interest and make sure nothing overpowers it in colour, shape or size. Anything that will take the attention away from what you want.

By lowering the camera down to dish height I was able to capture the steam and detail of multiple dishes. If I had been photographing this scene from above the steam would have mushed the detail of dishes below and perhaps I couldn't have seen the quantity of dishes being prepped.

By lowering the camera down to dish height I was able to capture the steam and detail of multiple dishes. If I had been photographing this scene from above the steam would have mushed the detail of dishes below and perhaps I couldn't have seen the quantity of dishes being prepped.

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